# Accounting for the Multiple Natures of Missing Values in Label-Free Quantitative Proteomics Data Sets to Compare Imputation Strategies

## Contents

## Accounting for the Multiple Natures of Missing Values in Label-Free Quantitative Proteomics Data Sets to Compare Imputation Strategies

Lazar, C., Gatto, L., Ferro, M., Bruley, C., and Burger, T. (2016): Accounting for the Multiple Natures of Missing Values in Label-Free Quantitative Proteomics Data Sets to Compare Imputation Strategies. Journal of Proteome Research, 15:1116–1125.

https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jproteome.5b00981

### Summary

In this paper 5 imputation algorithms are evaluated depending on the number of missing values and randomness of the data to set practical guideless in choosing an appropriate imputation method which accounts for the specific type of missingness mechanism.

### Study outcomes

Following outcomes can be drawn from the paper:

#### Outcome O1

Imputation performs better with fewer missing values.

#### Outcome O2

There exist MNAR-devoted methods and MCAR-devoted methods (see Figures 2 and 3). Depending on the MNAR ratio of a specific data set, one should privilege a MNAR/MCAR-devoted method (see Figure 4).

#### Outcome O3

MNAR-devoted methods perform worse the more missing values and the more random the missing values are (see Figures 2 and 3).

MCAR-devoted methods perform worse the more missing values and the more NOT at random the missing values are (see Figures 2 and 3).

#### Outcome O4

On average MCAR-devoted methods outperform MNAR-devoted methods, so that MCAR-devoted methods are recommended if the randomness of missing values is not known.

#### Outcome O5

Peptide-level imputation is more accuarte (Figure 6).

### Study design and evidence level

The study was performed on simulated data and on real data. In both cases missing values were incorporated with a specific MNAR/MCAR ratio to evaluate MNAR/MCAR-devoted methods.

3 MCAR-devoted methods were applied: kNN, SVDimpute and MLE and

2 MNAR-devoted methods were applied: MinDet and MinProb.

### Further comments and aspects

### References

The list of cited or related literature is placed here.